Written by Patryk Pawlak
‘Hybrid threats’ are often invoked in reference to the ongoing conflict in Ukraine and the ISIL/Da’esh campaign in Iraq. As policy-makers struggle to grasp what hybrid threats mean for national security, it is pertinent to recall the origins, the meaning, and legal challenges associated with this concept.
Evolving security environment
© Jérôme Rommé / Fotolia
Concerns about hybrid threats were first reflected in NATO’s new Strategic Concept of 2010 and incorporated in the NATO Capstone Concept, which defined hybrid threats as ‘those posed by adversaries, with the ability to simultaneously employ conventional and non-conventional means adaptively in pursuit of their objectives’. Recently, the concept of hybrid threat has been revived in relation to Russia‘s actions in Ukraine and the ISIL/Da’esh campaign in Iraq. At an informal meeting in Riga, in February 2015, EU Defence Ministers called for more unity and concrete action at EU…
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